Milwaukee hard wood floor company educates home owners on important things they should know about when choosing wood types for their property.
Royal Wood Floors specializes in hard wood floor refinishing and installing hard wood floors in the greater Milwaukee area and has been highly successful for over 15 years. “After servicing or installing a new floor, we make a point of providing the following as a special series of tips for every customer in order to ensure that their floors are protected and provide that stunning hard wood beauty for as long as possible”, says Keith Allman who owns Royal Wood Floors. He continues to say, “there are a variety of problems that can affect the beauty and life of hard wood floors and once these are isolated they can be handled properly so that the hard wood lasts for years the way it should”. “We feel that by educating the home owner they can be better equipped to tackle a project themselves or will know what to ask and expect when working with professionals”, he ends.
Color Changes in Wood Flooring
Whether finished or unfinished, wood changes color over time due to oxidation and exposure to light. Some species darken in color over time, while others lighten. There is no set value for “color fastness” of a species, so customers need to be aware of how much change they should expect from the species they choose. Certain species, including American Cherry, Brazilian Cherry and many imported species, are especially notorious for there tendency to change in color.
When it comes to hardness and durability, probably the most important strength property for wood used in flooring applications is its side hardness, also known as Janka hardness. Side hardness represents the resistance of wood to wear, denting and marring. It is measured by the load required to embed a 0.444 – inch steel ball to ½ its diameter in the wood. Janka hardness ratings are generally based on an average of tests on both tangential and radial (plainsawn and quartersawn) samples. Also, the individual species descriptions include a percentage comparison to indicate each species hardness relative to Northern red oak. This information can be acquired when purchasing wood floorboards and is provided by the manufacturer.
Some Types of Hard Wood
White ash is beautiful in appearance, heartwood is light tan to dark brown. Sapwood is creamy white, similar in appearance to white oak, but frequently more yellow. The grain is bold, straight, moderately open grain with occasional wavy figuring. It can have a strong contrast in grain in plainsawn boards. There can be variations within species and grades. Sometimes confused with hickory, the zone of large pores is more distinctive in ash, similar to that of red oak. The Janka properties in hardness are 1320. When it comes to workability, there will be no known nailing problems. When it comes to sanding, this type of wood floor is easy to sand if the correct sanding sequence is followed.
Black cherry heartwood is light to dark reddish brown, lustrous sapwood is light brown to pale with a light pinkish tone. Some flooring manufacturers steam lumber to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood, resulting in a more uniform color. Color darkens significantly with age. When it comes to grain, it is fine, frequently wavy, and has a uniform texture, a distinctive flat pattern on true quartersawn surfaces is what you will see with this type of floor. Texture is satiny, with some gum pockets. There are some significant color variations between boards. The Janka hardness is 950 and when it comes to the dimensional stability of this type of wood flooring it is above average. In terms of workability, there are no known problems when it comes to nailing and it can be sanded very easily if the correct sanding sequence is followed.
Other types of wonderful wood for flooring will include Douglas Fir, Pecan Hickory, Hard Maple and Sugar Maple, Mesquite, Red Oak, White Oak, Bamboo, Walnut, Pine, and Brazilian Cherry. Cork can also be used for flooring. When it comes to Cork, there are many variations in appearance from light to dark. Many colors are available depending on the manufacturer. Cork has a distinctive unlike wood. Cork is actually the bark of a type of oak tree. Cork reacts quickly, sometimes within hours, to changes in moisture. Australian Cypress is a very beautiful floor that is cream colored sapwood. Heartwood is honey-gold to brown with darker knots throughout. The Cypress has a Janka hardness rating of 1375. Cypress can be brittle like Brazilian Cherry. When the Cypress is sanded is has a tendency to clog paper due to high resin content. Hardplating and screening may leave swirls, screening more than twice may be necessary. The knots are extremely hard and may cause waves in the floor. A 12 by 18 inch oscillating sander is recommended as the final screening to minimize the scratch patterns when refinishing this type of floor.
“The best way to make sure that your hard wood floors are protected and as beautiful as they naturally can be, is to always do the research first or seek professional help. Then problems such as the ones described here can be prevented,” says Allman.
For more information about this experienced and professional hardwood floor restoration and new installation company, or to schedule repairs by these wood floor refinishing contractors, or learn about custom wood styles or the company’s inlay and medallion installation services, phone Keith Allman at 727-267-2617.
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